A recent poll on the EU referendum shows that the fight between in and out is a struggle between the generations. If the old had their way, we’ll be out – let the young decide, and we stay in. “Outers” would have as believe that the EU is is a relic past its sell-by date, but the young, who have the future ahead of them – and have to live the longest with the consequences of the referendum – do not agree. Perhaps they sense instinctively that when we debate the EU, we’re debating the wrong thing.
Splitters like Nigel Farage and Boris Johnson are like the conman who points to the sky telling you to look at the bird while using the distraction to pickpocket your wallet. Take accountability. Tory has-beens (and never-weres) like Michael Howard rail about the EU’s unelected Eurocrats and civil servants. At the same time, they fawn before the monarchy and support an unelected House of Lords: where is their thirst for democracy at home? The EU has its flaws – but with this referendum, electors get their say. That’s accountability.
The EU is a nanny state determining the curvature of our bananas and banning prawn cocktail crisps, claims Boris Johnson. And yet, we drive on the left, have funny, three-pronged plugs, and are free to munch prawn cocktail crisps to our hearts’ content. The most widely spoken language in the EU isn’t French or German, but English. We have – and will keep – our own currency. Britain is still gloriously, sometimes incomprehensibly, different.
Which is not to say that we aren’t oppressed by countless rules, sometimes petty, sometimes draconian. Recently, a school in Lancashire has banned birthday cakes, to avoid children suffering from allergies feeling left out. Anybody going out for a drink on a Friday night has to comply to a plethora of licensing rules enforced by grumpy bouncers: stand behind the rope, leave drinks inside when going for a smoke, take off hats, show ID, have pictures taken – the list goes on. We have more CCTV cameras per man, woman and child than any other country on earth, making us the most spied-on people on the planet. A motorist whose car tax is just one day overdue may have their car towed and crushed at once. David Cameron reserves the right to execute Britons by drone without a trial. These are all home-made impositions and infringements, yet you will wait in vain to hear Boris and Nigel complain.
The sovereignty argument is equally feeble. Neither the EU nor the United Nations nor even the will of its own population have stopped Britain from going to war in Iraq. British sovereignty is exercised more freely than that of most countries in the world. At the same time, our government is compromising control over strategically important industries and functions: nuclear power stations are built by the Chinese and GCHQ, our spying apparatus, has been at the beck and call of America’s NSA – without Parliament ever debating the issue. Still, Boris and Nigel don’t care. A 1984-style superstate is all right by them, as long as it’s homemade.
Finally, immigration. Yes, we have seen an influx of European citizens, just like the Costa del Sol has become a British retirement home. We are near full employment. Wages in some sectors are low, but our government does nothing to enforce, let alone raise, the minimum wage, nor does it do anything to help employees better their conditions through collective bargaining. Writing from London, as I do, I am not so much exercised by Polish labourers sleeping three to a room but Russian and Chinese plutocrats who buy up every morsel of the capital, making it impossible to rent or even own a home here. There is a housing shortage, we hear, and yet we see before our own eyes luxury apartments being built – condominiums which are bought off-plan by foreign tycoons and then left empty as investments.
What about terrorists sneaking into the country on EU passports, though? Other European countries have at least just as much to fear from terrorists with British passports (Jihadi John, “The Beatles”) as we have from Euro-Bombers. Home-grown terrorism is a shared problem, why not tackle it with our allies, sharing intelligence across borders? And if the existing passport controls are not enough, if we want to deny EU citizens entry, then we must also expect to have the very same rules applied to us as we fly to Prague, Paris or Berlin.
All over Europe there is concern about fugitives “invading” the continent. There are many arguments to be had on this question. Angela Merkel’s approach – to seek peace in Syria and come to an agreement with Turkey, paying Istanbul to prevent refugees from crossing into Greece – requires every bit of statecraft she can muster. It may or may not succeed. But no country has yet been forced to accept refugees against their will – even though an equitable distribution would make sense. Austria has unilaterally imposed of maximum quota of 80 asylum seekers per day. Hungary and other Balkan states have closed their borders. These are all controversial moves. But none of them required these countries to leave the Union. It shows that the anti-refugee rhetoric is baseless: Britain can protect its borders from war refugees. After all, Britain is still polishing its Second World War-halo, absolving the current generation, living in unprecedented wealth, from any moral imperative to help those who have lost all.
Now on the economy. Outers dream of free trade agreements with India and China. Would this help British workers, or merely see their jobs outsourced to Bangalore at an even faster rate than today. We already trade with the world outside Europe, and very successfully so. Take a look at the automotive industry: Britain in the EU now produces more cars than ever. Indian-owned Jaguar Land Rove sells record numbers in China, as do German-owned Rolls-Royce and Bentley. Equally, Dyson (which moved production from Wiltshire to Malaysia) is doing a roaring global trade – as is our aerospace and arms industry, our academic sector and our creative industries – not to mention our financial services sector. Britain as a member of the EU has built a competitive economy of truly global reach. There is no economic case for leaving, but every reason to stay.
Finally, a word on geo-politics. Vladimir Putin must be cackling into his tea every time a Tory blowhard agitates against Brussels. More and more, the US expects that Europe – the EU – grapple with the problems on its doorsteps. Russia already has Britain in her sights – for harbouring anti-Putin exiles, and pointing the finger of blame at the Kremlin for the Litvinenko murder. If Britain were on its own, Putin would let his thirst for vengeance free rein. Not only that, in leaving the EU, we would weaken Europe just at a time when it is one of the few powers standing up to Russia’s imperialist drive.We’d not only backstab Europe in its hour of need, but also betray our own national interest.
Not everything in the EU is perfect. But whatever weaknesses the Union has, they are all fixable. The US, China, Russia and India are all set to shape the 21st century to their advantage. Unified, Europe can be an equal player. If we break away now, future generations will not forgive us.